Stay at Home Order … day 5 plus 14 seclusion retreat days
Seeping through the dawn,
of a Canadian goose–
in the distance…alone
mountain village in spring
“The counselor was a friend of nature, nature was something quite special, nature was one of the finest ornaments of existence. The councilor patronized nature, he defended it against the artificial; gardens were nothing but nature spoiled, but gardens laid out in elaborate style were nature turned crazy. There was no style in nature, providence had wisely made nature natural, nothing but natural. Nature was that which was unrestrained, that which was unspoiled. But with the fall of man civilization had come upon mankind; now civilization had become a necessity; but it would have been better, if it had not been thus. The state of nature was something quite different, quite different. The councilor himself would have had no objection to maintaining himself by going about in a coat of lamb-skin and shooting hares and snipes and golden plovers, and grouse and haunches of venison and wild boars. No, the state of nature really was like a gem, a perfect gem.” (cited: Project Gutenberg’s Mogens and Other Stories, by Jens Peter Jacobsen, pg 7)
Information about COVID-19 to help you and your family/friends be safe through this stress-filled time.
Learning should be a continuous, life long process. Each stage represents a learning curve and every time you feel yourself reaching a plateau, it is time to move on to the next stage of your development. Initially you learn from the greats, then you learn from your peers, then you learn from your own body of experience, but the key is to persist and break out to the next level. ~Dan K
Develop an understanding of perspective (position and focal length).
Gain knowledge about focus (distance, aperture and depth of field).
Explore the shutter speed and exposure.
Study all aspects of color.
Create a project that combines a learning experience with a presentation
Return to Step 1, Get an Eye for Photography.
Perspective refers to the visual phenomenon where objects that are nearer to us appear bigger while those farther away seem smaller. In photography, perspective is influenced by 3 factors: Focal length, Shooting distance, and shooting angle.
Focal length is a measure of the lens’ angle of view and is normally expressed in millimeters (mm). Using a short focal length will offer the photographer a wider angle of view and less magnification. These two elements create a strong perspective effect.
Sony 8mm = 24mm
Sony 12.2mm = 35mm
Conversely, the longer the focal lengths creates a narrower angle and greater magnification while weakening the perspective effect.
Sony 16.4mm = 45mm
Sony 25.7mm = 70.1mm
Distance from subject (shooting distance or “focusing distance”): The nearer the camera to the subject, the stronger the perspective effect. The further away the camera from the subject, the weaker the perspective effect.
Sony RX1003 f/2.8 1/5002 8.8m 100 ISO
Sony RX1003 f/2.8 1/5002 8.8m 100 ISO
Sony RX1003 f/2.8 1/5002 8.8m 100 ISO
Shooting angle: The more parallel your camera is to the subject (the shallower the shooting angle), the weaker the perspective effect. Conversely, if you align the camera at a steeper angle from the subject, you will get a stronger perspective effect.
Sony RX1003 f/3.2 1/1000s 18.9m 100 ISO
Sony RX1003 f/3.2 1/2000s 18.9m 100 ISO
Sony RX1003 f/3.2 1/250s 18.9m 100 ISO
In short, the easiest way to get the strongest perspective effect possible is to use a wide angle lens, move as close to your subject as possible, and shoot from a steep, diagonal angle.
The perspective exaggeration effect unique to a wide angle lens can help to create impressive photos with a strong sense of depth, dimensionality and scale. This is a good effect to use with deep focus.
Depth of field:
Aperture & Exposure:
To demonstrate differences of exposure with variations of aperture the images below were photographed with the same focal length (8.8m), ISO (100), and shutter speed (1/500s). The aperture in the first image is f/5.6, the second f/3.5, and the last f/2.8.
To demonstrate variations of exposure each of the images below were photographed with the same focal length, ISO settings, and exposure composition of -.03. The shutter speed of the first image is 1/1000s. The middle image’s shutter speed is 1/2000s, and the last is 1/250s.
At this stage it is good to develop a basic understanding of these basic so that you will be able to have some control over the composition of your images and to build your technical skills with each click of the shutter.
By starting out right, with an understanding of what a good photo looks like, confidence may take a beating at first but you’ll be on the right path with less time wasted with follies into unnecessary gear or special effects ~Dan K
Step 3:Be Reductive
This stage includes developing awareness of the elements within your image that have the potential to be distracting and learning techniques such as selective focus and lightening to help you direct the viewer’s eyes within the image. Learning the restrictions within elements of focal length, black and white, and ISO. Explore bending rules and identifying where the edge of the performance and aesthetic overlap.
This is also the point where you start to develop a signature style. As always, go back to the beginning and see how your new knowledge applies to what you’ve learned before. ~Dan K
Step 4: Once you can TAKE A Picture, Learn how to MAKE A Picture
This is the stage where you learn creativity rather than observation. Learn how to arrange things for best composition rather than position yourself. Learn how to find and use natural light, or how to mimic it with flash. Learn how much control you can exert over the subject, context and equipment without losing the dynamic of the moment, the freshness and spontaneity. The goal is to be able to pro-actively get the shot that you wanted rather than being a passive observer.
This is a watershed in many a photographer’s career, when they become dependable shot makers rather than opportunistic photographers. Do not consider taking on any semi-commercial work until you can reliably deliver a consistent work product…~Dan K
Step 5: Learn to Edit
We all need to be better editors of our own work. It’s not just about fixing things in post; I’m talking choosing about which images to show and which to throw.
A portfolio is often let down by a bad image. Unfortunately, if you haven’t worked through from step one, you might not be able to tell the difference between a mediocre image and a good one ~Dan K
Step 6: Find Yourself
We eventually get to a point where we are comfortable with a certain look, a certain subject, or genre. Our work becomes recognizably ours. Sometimes this is done intentionally, sometimes we become well known for a subset of our work and everyone wants more of it.
Once you have your signature style and something to say, individual images take on singular meaning, rather than being about the gear and the mark it left on the image. You can’t buy this in a camera store and you can’t pay someone to teach it to you. ~Dan K
Step 7: Reinvent Yourself
Break out of creating essentially the same image again and again with subtle variations. Break out of this rut and find a second and a third style. Once well known many artists, especially commercial painters, get stuck reproducing essentially the same picture again and again with subtle variations.
By this stage, you no longer reference other people’s work; they reference yours. May we all reach this point! ~Dan K